If the decedent paid Social Security taxes, the surviving spouse (as well as a surviving divorced spouse), children or parents may be entitled to certain benefits, Any Social Security benefits that may be available depend on the decedent’s earnings record and the age and dependency status of family members. Survivors can determine if they are entitled to benefits by using the Social Security website (www.SSA.gov) or by calling the Social Security Administration at 800-772-1213.